Articles

Liraglutide forms an effective treatment for high blood glucose levels in type 2 diabetes mellitus

Liraglutide forms an effective treatment for high blood glucose levels in type 2 diabetes mellitus

Liraglutide forms an effective treatment for high blood glucose levels in type 2 diabetes mellitus A comparison of GLP-1 agonists liraglutide and albiglutide in terms of pharmacodynamics, pharmacokinetics, and clinical relevance. Vol. 2, no. 2, pages 35-48 Author: Aashika Ravi, Isha Mol, Marnix van de Sande and Matthew Tan University College Utrecht Abstract This drug review compares two glucagon-like peptide 1 (GLP-1) agonists liraglutide and albiglutide. GLP-1 agonists are a common second-line treatment for type 2 diabetes mellitus. Drugs in…

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The diachrony of gender and the interface of semantic and lexical gender in the Dutch language

The diachrony of gender and the interface of semantic and lexical gender in the Dutch language

The diachrony of gender and the interface of semantic and lexical gender in the Dutch language Vol. 2, no. 2, pages 26-34 Author:   Abigail Lambert University College Utrecht Abstract The application of gender in Indo-European languages is notoriously arbitrary. This is particularly typical of the Dutch language. No single rule defines the way in which gender is determined or structured. Many factors interplay to create the Dutch grammar we have today, yet even these rules are arbitrary to a…

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Enceladus: the search for life on Saturn’s moon

Enceladus: the search for life on Saturn’s moon

Enceladus: the search for life on Saturn’s moon Vol. 2, no. 2, pages 20-25 Author:  Nour Khairi University College Utrecht Abstract This paper reviews and synthesizes various studies into the geologically active moon Enceladus in Saturn’s diverse satellite system. Data from the Cassini mission are the main source for these studies as they provide the chemical composition of Enceladus’ famous plumes or jets which can indicate the extent of Enceladus’ habitability. The hydrothermal vents responsible for Enceladus’ jets are possibly…

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Managing the masses and handling history

Managing the masses and handling history

Managing the masses and handling history: how Auschwitz-Birkenau handles mass tourism Vol. 2, no. 1, pages 23-41 Author:  Anne-Sophie Halbertsma University College Utrecht Abstract How ‘difficult heritage’ sites renegotiate their identity when confronted with mass tourism is examined through a case study of Auschwitz-Birkenau, Poland. Ethical, marketing/promotional, interpretational, and managerial dimensions are considered. Marketing strategies focusing on entertainment exploit and trivialise the heritage site, although sometimes augmenting engagement, and reformulating norms and values. Moreover, the viewpoint of the villagers living…

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Drugs and development in Afghanistan

Drugs and development in Afghanistan

Drugs and development in Afghanistan Vol. 2, no. 1, pages 42-52 Author:  Jelte Schievels University College Utrecht Abstract How does opium cultivation affect development in Afghanistan? This paper argues opium cultivation strengthens insurgency groups and as a result threatens state-building and government authority; essential ingredients for successful development. I analyse this relationship by using data from the Uppsala Conflict Data Program (UCDP) Georeferenced Event Dataset, which includes geocoded data about fatalities as a result of the ongoing fights between pro-government…

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Are millenial movements obsessed with death?

Are millenial movements obsessed with death?

Are millenial movements obsessed with death? The Branch Davidians and Heaven’s Gate Vol. 2, no. 1, pages 12-22 Author:  Bo van Broekhoven University College Utrecht Abstract The symbolic power of death has been described by Mircea Eliade (1959; 1968) and Maurice Bloch (1992) as an expression of a longing for the end of a certain way of life.  Bloch connects millennialism and potentially violent or terrorist actions by emphasizing the role that (symbolic) violence plays in the critical socio-political aspect…

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Multilingualism as cognitive reserve

Multilingualism as cognitive reserve

Multilingualism as cognitive reserve: delaying the onset of dementia in the elderly Vol. 2, no. 1, pages 6-11 Author:  Alessandra Boiti University College Roosevelt Abstract Multilingualism can be advantageous for an individual. It is thought to contribute to their cognitive reserve, the ability to resist brain damage. As such, there is evidence it might delay cognitive decline and dementia. The evidence comes from two types of studies. Firstly, studies comparing ages of onset of dementia show that there is a…

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Hubs of human brain networks and their development (a review)

Hubs of human brain networks and their development (a review)

Vol. 1, no. 1, 22-30 Author: Sofia Orellana University College Utrecht, Utrecht University Abstract The anatomical arrangement of the human brain can be considered as a network, where distinct regions on the surface of the cortex (grey matter) are considered as nodes, and the set of white matter bundles in between them are taken as edges. A feature common to all structural brain networks is that of hubs: a small set of highly connected or highly important nodes. The present…

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Power, the “two sexual truths” of the female breast, and public breastfeeding

Power, the “two sexual truths” of the female breast, and public breastfeeding

Vol. 1, no. 1, 13-21 Author: Harry French University College Utrecht, Utrecht University Abstract Breastfeeding is widely classified as the most beneficial way to feed an infant, however the sexualisation of the breast can lead to the modification or interruption of breastfeeding practices due to the manner in which this effects the perception of breastfeeding in public. The purpose of this study was to identify how the female breast as a sexual entity is constructed and continually legitimised, and how…

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