Articles

Managing the masses and handling history

Managing the masses and handling history

Managing the masses and handling history: how Auschwitz-Birkenau handles mass tourism Vol. 2, no. 1, pages 23-41 Author:  Anne-Sophie Halbertsma University College Utrecht Abstract How ‘difficult heritage’ sites renegotiate their identity when confronted with mass tourism is examined through a case study of Auschwitz-Birkenau, Poland. Ethical, marketing/promotional, interpretational, and managerial dimensions are considered. Marketing strategies focusing on entertainment exploit and trivialise the heritage site, although sometimes augmenting engagement, and reformulating norms and values. Moreover, the viewpoint of the villagers living…

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Drugs and development in Afghanistan

Drugs and development in Afghanistan

Drugs and development in Afghanistan Vol. 2, no. 1, pages 42-52 Author:  Jelte Schievels University College Utrecht Abstract How does opium cultivation affect development in Afghanistan? This paper argues opium cultivation strengthens insurgency groups and as a result threatens state-building and government authority; essential ingredients for successful development. I analyse this relationship by using data from the Uppsala Conflict Data Program (UCDP) Georeferenced Event Dataset, which includes geocoded data about fatalities as a result of the ongoing fights between pro-government…

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Are millenial movements obsessed with death?

Are millenial movements obsessed with death?

Are millenial movements obsessed with death? The Branch Davidians and Heaven’s Gate Vol. 2, no. 1, pages 12-22 Author:  Bo van Broekhoven University College Utrecht Abstract The symbolic power of death has been described by Mircea Eliade (1959; 1968) and Maurice Bloch (1992) as an expression of a longing for the end of a certain way of life.  Bloch connects millennialism and potentially violent or terrorist actions by emphasizing the role that (symbolic) violence plays in the critical socio-political aspect…

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Multilingualism as cognitive reserve

Multilingualism as cognitive reserve

Multilingualism as cognitive reserve: delaying the onset of dementia in the elderly Vol. 2, no. 1, pages 6-11 Author:  Alessandra Boiti University College Roosevelt Abstract Multilingualism can be advantageous for an individual. It is thought to contribute to their cognitive reserve, the ability to resist brain damage. As such, there is evidence it might delay cognitive decline and dementia. The evidence comes from two types of studies. Firstly, studies comparing ages of onset of dementia show that there is a…

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Hubs of human brain networks and their development (a review)

Hubs of human brain networks and their development (a review)

Vol. 1, no. 1, 22-30 Author: Sofia Orellana University College Utrecht, Utrecht University Abstract The anatomical arrangement of the human brain can be considered as a network, where distinct regions on the surface of the cortex (grey matter) are considered as nodes, and the set of white matter bundles in between them are taken as edges. A feature common to all structural brain networks is that of hubs: a small set of highly connected or highly important nodes. The present…

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Power, the “two sexual truths” of the female breast, and public breastfeeding

Power, the “two sexual truths” of the female breast, and public breastfeeding

Vol. 1, no. 1, 13-21 Author: Harry French University College Utrecht, Utrecht University Abstract Breastfeeding is widely classified as the most beneficial way to feed an infant, however the sexualisation of the breast can lead to the modification or interruption of breastfeeding practices due to the manner in which this effects the perception of breastfeeding in public. The purpose of this study was to identify how the female breast as a sexual entity is constructed and continually legitimised, and how…

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Exploring the relationship between violence against animals and human violence

Exploring the relationship between violence against animals and human violence

Vol. 1, no. 1, 6-12 Author: Linda Rousseva University College Utrecht, Utrecht University Abstract This paper argues that the violent way in which animals are treated currently mirrors the treatment of discriminated human groups in the past with, for example, racism, sexism and anti-Semitism. In this, it incorporates the ideas of Nibert (2013), who argues for a link between the domestication and exploitation of animals for labor, transport and food and violence in human culture. A case study of anti-…

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Effects of iron deficiency in a Von Hippel-Lindau disease cellular model system

Effects of iron deficiency in a Von Hippel-Lindau disease cellular model system

Vol. 1, no. 1, 31-42 Author: Hannah Teeuw University College Utrecht, Utrecht University Abstract Von Hippel-Lindau disease (VHL) is characterized by mutations in the VHL gene, which encodes a protein (pVHL) that is involved in cellular oxygen homeostasis. When pVHL fails to recognize and degrade the hypoxia-inducible factor (HIF) transcription factor under normoxic conditions, inappropriate expression of HIF target genes facilitates tumorigenesis in the kidneys, retina, cerebellar blood vessels, and other organs. Importantly, pVHL-HIF binding requires hydroxylation of HIF, and…

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